Bred by Captain Max von Stephanitz, a German cavalry officer, to be the perfect all-purpose working dog. More than any other dog the German Shepherd toils for its keep, they are strong, intelligent and obedient. After World War 1 the German Shepherd was renamed the Alsatian, but since the 1970s has reverted to its original name. Rin Tin Tin was the German Shepherd version of Lassie. Adolf Hitler is reputed to have tested his cyanide capsules on his German Shepherd, Blondi.